Unified TVET Program Registration and Accreditation System (UTPRAS)
Program registration in UTPRAS is the mandatory registration of Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programs with TESDA. It is the system that ensures compliance of Technical Vocational Institutions (TVIs) with the minimum requirements as prescribed under the promulgated training regulation to include among others curricular programs, faculty and staff qualifications, physical sites and facilities, tools, equipment, supplies and materials and similar requirements prior to the issuance of the government authority to offer or undertake technical vocational education programs.
A TVET institution has to comply with the requirements of registration prior to its offering of a program. Upon completion of all the requirements, an institution is issued a Certificate of Program Registration (CoPR) and the program is officially listed in the TESDA Compendium of Registered Programs. The program is subjected to a compliance audit and in some instances surveillance upon receipt of complaint by TESDA.
Republic Act No. 7796, otherwise known as TESDA Act of 1994, empowers TESDA to establish and maintain a system of accrediting, coordinating, integrating, monitoring and evaluating formal and non-formal technical vocational education and training programs.
TESDA Board promulgated Resolution No. 98-03 last January 23, 1998 establishing a unified TVET program registration and accreditation system which shall be in consonance with the pursuit of a quality technical vocational education and training system.
TWO MAJOR ELEMENTS IN UTPRAS:
- Registration – (compulsory) compliance with minimum standards prescribed in Training Regulations and anchored on competency-based system;
- Accreditation – a form of quality assurance which is over and above the requirements for Program Registration in UTPRAS which shall be voluntary in nature and a form of recognition given by an accrediting body that the program or the institution has met the criteria set by the accrediting body.
- All TVET programs offered by public and private institutions, including programs offered by enterprise-based training centers, provided that programs that are offered are fee-charging and open to the public;
- All TVET programs in industrial trades and crafts, agriculture, fishery, services and home industries;
- TVET programs with permit and recognition certificates granted by the Secretary of Education;
- Apprenticeship programs undertaken by private enterprises shall be authorized on the basis of existing apprenticeship guidelines. Compliance with apprenticeship guidelines is considered as having the effect of UTPRAS registration;
- TVET institutions with registered TVET programs which they desire to provide under the dual system shall be accredited as dual training system institutions under the guidelines implementing Republic Act No. 7686 in order that incentives provided for in the law may be availed of by concerned TVET institutions;
- A Certificate of Competency is the smallest unit that can be registered which corresponds to a job in an industry.
- Training Regulations prescribed minimum program standards;
- Training regulations developed by experts and practitioners from public/private sector (Experts Panel);
- Training Regulations promulgated by the TESDA Board after national validation;
- Training Regulations serves as basis for which the competency-based curriculum and instructional materials and competency assessment tools are developed.
- Training Regulation is a TESDA promulgated document that serves as basis for which the competency-based curriculum and instructional materials and competency assessment tools are developed.
In view of the need to provide equitable access and provision of TESD programs to the growing TVET clients, TESDA continues to undertake direct training provisions. There are four training modalities school-based, center-based, enterprise-based and community-based. These are being done with TESDA’s infrastructure in place – TESDA administered schools, training centers, enterprise-based training through DTS/apprenticeship and community-based training in convergence with the LGU’s.
TESDA SUPPORTS TRAINING PROVISION
TESD creates opportunities for people to be responsible and become productive citizens. The need to provide and make accessible relevant TESD compels TESDA to undertake direct training activities at the same time support training activities undertaken by other key players in the TESD sector.
TESDA Technology Institutions are composed of schools, regional, provincial and specialized training centers nationwide which undertake direct training activities for TESDA. The absence of an institution in the area which can provide people equitable access to TESD necessitates TESDA to undertake direct training activities. These TTIs also serve as venues to test new training schemes and are used as laboratories for new technology.
- School Based Program
- This refers to the direct delivery or provision of TVET programs by the TESDA-administered schools. Totaling to 57, 19 are agricultural schools. 7 are fishery schools and 31 are trade schools. These school based programs include post-secondary offerings of varying duration not exceeding three years.
- Community Based Programs
- Community-based Training for Enterprise development Program is primarily addressed to the poor and marginal groups, those who cannot access, or are not accessible by formal training provisions. They have low skills, limited management abilities, and have few economic options. They have no access to capital – most of them are unqualified for formal credit programs. The program goes further than just mere skills training provision. It is purposively designed to catalyze the creation of livelihood enterprises that shall be implemented by the trainees, immediately after the training. Likewise, it is designed to assist partner agencies such as LGUs, NGOs, people organizations and other agencies organizations with mission to help the poor get into productive undertakings to help themselves and their communities.
- Enterprise-based Program
- Enterprise-Based Programs are training program being implemented within companies/firms. These programs can be any of the following:
- Apprenticeship Program is a training and employment program involving a contract between an apprentice and an employer on an approved apprenticeable occupation. Generally, it aims to provide a mechanism that will ensure availability of qualified skilled workers based on industry requirements. The period of apprenticeship covers a minimum of four months and a maximum of six months. Only companies with approved and registered apprenticeship programs under TESDA can be hire apprentices.
- To help meet the demand of the economy for trained manpower;
- To establish a national apprenticeship program through the participation of employers, workers and government and non-government agencies; and
- To establish apprenticeship standards for the protection of apprentices.
- Learnership Program is a practical training on-the-job for approved learnable occupations, for a period not exceeding three months. Only companies with TESDA approved and registered learnership programs can hire learners.
- Dual Training System is an instructional mode of delivery for technology-based education and training in which learning takes place alternately in two venues: the school or training center and the company.One of the strategic approaches on this program is the conversion of selected industry practices/ programs registered under the apprenticeship program into DTS modality.
Objectives: To strengthen manpower education and training in the Philippines by institutionalizing the DTS as an instructional delivery system of technical and vocational education and training (TVET).
- Trainees/ Students
- Training Centers
- Training Institutions
- IBs/Industry Associations
Benefits of the Dual Training System:
- Quality training and proper skills, work attitude and knowledge
- Enhanced employability after training
- Better chances for career mobility
- Allowance for transportation and other expenses.
- Workers developed according to the company’s needs
- Guaranteed highly skilled and productive workers
- Savings on production cost through tax incentives
- Less need for sophisticated equipment and facilities
- Responsiveness to industries’ needs
- Maximized use of equipment and facilities
- Better employment opportunities for its graduates
- Enhanced public image
- Tax exemption for imported equipment
Coverage of DTS:
Participants in the dual training system include duly accredited:
- Public and private educational institutions/training centers
- Agricultural, industrial and business establishments
DTS Accreditation Procedures
Schools or training centers and business establishments interested in adopting the dual training system must apply for accreditation with TESDA.
Accreditation is necessary to ensure quality training and prevent abuses in program implementation.
To qualify for accreditation, the school or training center must have the necessary facilities, equipment, qualified teachers, and training plan.
To become a DTS cooperator, a company must apply for accreditation through an accredited school. The company accepting trainees must have the necessary equipment and workshop areas for hands-on training, qualified trainers, and training plan.